Category Archives: Personalized Medicine

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EMA’s New Draft Guideline On Good Pharmacogenomic Practice - Implications For Personalized Medicine

Embracing personalized medicine, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) released a draft guidance document titled Draft Guideline on Good Pharmacogenomic Practice (“Guidance”) on good pharmacogenomic practice with the stated goal of developing and laying out appropriate genomic methodologies for use during the development and life-cycle of a drug. Past issues and problems that have been encountered … Continue reading this entry

USPTO RELEASES PATENT ELIGIBILITY UPDATE

PatentEligibility
On May 4, 2016, the USPTO released a “May 2016 Subject Matter Eligibility Update” (“Update”) providing guidance to patent examiners on formulating a subject matter eligibility rejection and evaluating an applicant’s response to that rejection. The USPTO concurrently released new life science examples to assist examiners and applicants evaluate whether claimed discoveries satisfy 35 U.S.C. … Continue reading this entry

Capitalizing on Collaboration – The President’s Precision Medicine Initiative

Last week President Obama marked the one year anniversary of his Precision Medicine Initiative (“PMI”) by holding a web-accessible panel discussion where he and interested stakeholders discussed his PMI initiative, its progress and future direction. The President also announced a series of awards, funded by the National Institutes of Health (“NIH”), to build the infrastructure … Continue reading this entry

Data Transmission, Personalized Medicine, and Privacy

Health care analytics make use of patient data to inform treatment decisions and is increasingly moving front and center in personalized medicine. For example, the President’s Precision Medicine Initiative (see post of January 26, 2016) has rolled out a program to collect health data from one million volunteers to inform and guide future research. Consumers … Continue reading this entry

The President’s Precision Medicine Initiative – The First Annual Check-Up

Watching President Obama’s recent 2016 State of the Union Address reminded me that one year has passed since the President announced a new “precision” or personalized medicine initiative to advance personalized, effective therapies for the American public. It was during his 2015 State of the Union Address that the President stated:[1] “[T]onight, I’m launching a … Continue reading this entry

FDA Oversight of Diagnostic Medicine – A Trap for the Unwary

Diagnostic medicine is experiencing new challenges at the USPTO and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Under a new FDA proposal, laboratory developed test providers, previously exempt from FDA oversight, must now consider if their diagnostic test may be subject to FDA oversight, either as a moderate risk (Class II) or high-risk (Class III) … Continue reading this entry

Patent Subject Matter Eligibility – Impact on Litigation and Prosecution

Personalized medicine relies on diagnostic technologies to accurately evaluate a patient’s clinical or genetic signature to guide treatment decisions. Protecting innovation by patenting the diagnostic methods and tools that inform clinical intervention and treatment has been the traditional means to protect investment in these important technologies. Recent U.S. Supreme Court decisions have challenged inventors’ ability … Continue reading this entry

Breaking Through to Business Solutions for Personalized Medicine: A Thought-Provoking, Can’t-Miss Industry Event

Just as with patient treatments, one size does not fit all when it comes to companies involved in personalized medicine. Each is unique in its mission, culture, and capabilities, so it should come as no surprise that each demands a distinct business strategy that can evolve alongside the industry. The annual Business of Personalized Medicine … Continue reading this entry

Protecting Diagnostic Innovation – Two Actor Infringement Liability

In Akamai Techs. Inc. v. Limelight Networks, Inc., (August 13, 2015 Fed. Cir.) an en banc Federal Circuit unanimously held that direct infringement under Section 271(a) can occur: ”where all steps of a claimed method are performed by or attributed to a single entity…Where more than one actor is involved in practicing the steps, a … Continue reading this entry

Inventorship, Ownership Issues Cause Dismissal of Suit

On July 22, 2015, the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland dismissed a long standing patent infringement suit brought by StemCells, Inc. against Neuralstem, Inc., on the ground that all those with an ownership interest in the patents-in-suit did not voluntarily join as plaintiffs in the action. StemCells, Inc v. Neuralstem, Inc., Case … Continue reading this entry

Federal Circuit Invalidates Another Diagnostic Patent

In Ariosa Diagnostics, Inc. v. Sequenom, Inc., Slip Op. 2014-1139, 2014-114 (Fed. Cir. June 12, 2015), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit held that Sequenom’s U.S. Patent No. 6,258,540 (the ‘540 Patent) was invalid under 35 U.S.C. § 101, for failing to claim patent-eligible subject matter. The Court’s decision is yet another application … Continue reading this entry

Will Personalized Medicine Survive Alternative Payment Models?

There is no doubt that health care costs in the United States are rising. According to a recent study published by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, personal health care expenditures in the United States totaled $2.5 trillion, a 3.8% increase from 2012. The per capita personal health care expenditure for the total … Continue reading this entry

An Update on 21st Century Cures Legislation

Guest Post By: Jennifer F. Walsh , Director of Public Affairs, Foley & Lardner, LLP Last week the Personalized Medicine Coalition held its 11th Annual State of Personalized Medicine luncheon in Washington, D.C. U.S. Representative Michael Burgess, a member of the House Energy and Commerce Committee (Committee) which oversees many health care issues, was the featured … Continue reading this entry

California’s Bet on Precision Medicine

California sees opportunities in personalized medicine. Earlier this month, Governor Brown announced the creation of a two year initiative – California Initiative to Advance Precision Medicine to “begin building infrastructure and assembling resources necessary to advance precision medicine-orientated data, tools and applications.” See California Launches Initiative to Advance Precision Medicine.… Continue reading this entry

Perspectives on the President’s Precision Medicine Initiative

President Obama’s “precision medicine initiative” earmarked over $200 million from his proposed 2016 budget to “bring us closer to curing diseases like cancer and diabetes – and to give all of us access to the personalized information we need to keep ourselves and our families healthier.”[1] The National Institutes of Health (“NIH”) and the National … Continue reading this entry

Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Test Authorized by FDA

23andMe is not a traditional diagnostics company. Rather than seeking to directly sell its services to health care professionals, 23andMe went straight to the consumer, offering genetic screening and analysis in a mail-order fashion. For ninety-nine dollars, customers only needed to send in a saliva sample and the company would analyze the customer’s genetic information, … Continue reading this entry

Details Emerge for President’s Precision Medicine Initiative

Personalized medicine has a friend in high places. President Obama recently announced an initiative to support “precision” or personalized medicine. In very general terms, the President stated during his 2015 State of the Union address that he wanted the United States to lead a new era of medicine – an era that delivers the right … Continue reading this entry

President Obama Revisits Interest in Personalized Medicine

President Obama announced during his 2015 State of the Union Address that he is launching a new “precision” or personalized medicine initiative to advance personalized, effective therapies for the American public. As reported by the Personalized Medicine Coalition, President Obama stated: “21st century businesses will rely on American science, technology, research and development. I want … Continue reading this entry

FDA Considering New Regulatory Approaches for NGS – Part II

The Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) announced a workshop to be held February 20th, 2015, entitled “Optimizing FDA’s Regulatory Oversight of Next Generation Sequencing Diagnostic Tests” to obtain public input regarding its regulation of next generation sequencing (“NGS”). Specifically, the agency seeks public comment and feedback on the issues and questions raised in its discussion … Continue reading this entry

FDA Considering New Regulatory Approaches for NGS – Part I

The Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) announced a workshop to be held February 20th, 2015, entitled “Optimizing FDA’s Regulatory Oversight of Next Generation Sequencing Diagnostic Tests” to obtain public input regarding its regulation of next generation sequencing (“NGS”). Specifically, the agency seeks public comment and feedback on the issues and questions raised in its discussion … Continue reading this entry

An Early Test for the USPTO’S Eligibility Analysis

Just last week, the USPTO released its revised subject matter eligibility guidance (2014 Interim Guidance on Patent Subject Matter Eligibility “Interim Guidance” reviewed in my prior post of December 16th, 2014). The Interim Guidance replaced the March 2014 Guidance that was much-criticized for its expansive application of U.S. Supreme Court jurisprudence relating to the judicial … Continue reading this entry

Fetal Diagnostics Patent Claims Fall in Inter Partes Review

Post grant inter partes review proceedings have lowered the hurdle to invalidate U.S. patents. The “broadest reasonable construction” of the claims and the lower burden to prove invalidity (by a preponderance of the evidence) of inter partes review proceedings have resulted in many successful challenges. Indeed, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) of the … Continue reading this entry

USPTO Releases Revised Subject Matter Eligibility Guidance

PatentEligibility
On December 15th, 2014, the USPTO released its much anticipated revised subject matter eligibility examination guidance to assist patent examiners to evaluate inventions that may be related to any one of the three judicial exceptions to subject matter eligibility under 35 U.S.C. § 101 – law of nature, natural phenomena, and/or an abstract idea. 2014 … Continue reading this entry

Another Patent Challenge for Personalized Medicine

The U.S. Supreme Court’s recent trilogy of patent-eligibility decisions (Prometheus, Myriad and Alice) have called into question the validity of many U.S. patents on diagnostic medical methods. Nevertheless, legal battles ensue and to the benefit of the public, as further jurisprudence will bring more clarity to whether and how diagnostic technologies – critical to personalized … Continue reading this entry