Tag Archives: Genetic Testing

Myriad Set for Another Round

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On Monday, October 6th, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit will entertain oral argument in another case involving Myriad’s BRCA1/BRCA2 diagnostic tests. In re BRCA1- and BRCA2- Based Hereditary Cancer Test Patent Litigation, Case Nos. 14-1361, -1366. In the words of Myriad “[t]his appeal … presents this Court with one of the … Continue reading this entry

Federal Circuit Frames Test for Patent-Eligibility

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Personalized medicine relies on diagnostics to analyze a patient for individualized therapy and for monitoring a patient’s health status. Some diagnostic tests use natural products, for example gene sequences, either as the target of the diagnostic test or as a tool to identify a genetic trait or anomaly. Personalized medicine also may rely on the … Continue reading this entry

Managing IP Risk in the Age of Personalized Medicine

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As discussed on Foley’s Health Care Law Today blog, personalized medicine treatment trends and innovations are leading diagnostic and therapeutic companies to form complex arrangements and partnerships with the ultimate goal of delivering improved patient treatment. Diagnostics are married to a single or multiple treatments. Devices connect patients with providers. Health care systems may partner with … Continue reading this entry

Is Next Generation Sequencing Ready for Personalized Medicine?

Next generation sequencing[1] (NGS) promises to transform the delivery of health care by providing in one test diagnostic and prognostic information that had previously only been available in multiple analyses. One application of the information obtained from NGS is as a companion diagnostic for a therapeutic.[2] A significant reduction in the overall cost to sequence the … Continue reading this entry

USPTO Issues Guidance for Examining Process Patents

On March 4th, 2014, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) issued “2014 Procedures For Subject Matter Eligibility Analysis Of Claims Reciting Or Involving Laws of Nature/Natural Principles, Natural Phenomena, And/Or Natural Products” Guidance, advising examiners and the public of the factors for determining whether an invention satisfies the U.S. Supreme Court’s interpretation of 35 U.S.C. §101, as … Continue reading this entry

Task Force Recommendation for BRCA-Related Genetic Testing

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (“USPSTF”) recently issued a report regarding the effectiveness of BRCA1/BRCA2 genetic tests for women and within the report, issued recommendations for preventive screening for women with and without confirmed familial history of breast, ovarian, tubal, or peritoneal cancer (“BRCA-related cancers”). Risk Assessment, Genetic Counseling, and Genetic Testing for BRCA-Related … Continue reading this entry

California Court Holds Diagnostic Claims Not Patent-Eligible

In one of the first district court decisions applying the U.S. Supreme Court’s new Myriad patent-eligibility standard, the Northern District of California held that diagnostic claims containing only conventional and existing detection steps do not make the use of a natural phenomenon patent-eligible. See Ariosa Diagnostics, Inc., v. Sequenom, Inc., No. C 11-06391 SI (N.D. … Continue reading this entry

Clinical Adoption of Personalized Medicine

A recent study published in the American Journal of Medical Genetics, “Barriers for Integrating Personalized Medicine into Clinical Practice:  A Qualitative Analysis” investigated physicians’ perceptions about the future of personalized medicine and identified factors that would influence their decisions in using genetic testing in their practice. The study is an interesting read for any innovator … Continue reading this entry

Risk-Sharing and Reimbursement of Diagnostic Tests

Five industry executives argue for an overhaul of the current approval and reimbursement framework for diagnostic tests. In “A Pay-For-Value, Data-Driven Approach for the Coverage of Innovative Genetic Tests“, a case is made for a move from a Fee-For-Service (FFS) system to a Pay-For-Value (PFV) model based on risk sharing among innovators, payors, physicians and … Continue reading this entry

Study Advances Personalized Medicine for Newborns

Earlier this year, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) issued recommendations and proposed best practices for genetic testing and screening of infants and children. In Ethical and Policy Issues in Genetic Testing and Screening of Children, the AAP and ACMG reviewed the scenarios in which genetic … Continue reading this entry

Expanding Access to, and Development of, Personalized Medicine

In a July 8th, 2013 letter to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), the Personalized Medicine Coalition (PMC) advised that proposed reimbursement schedules for diagnostic medicine will  threaten the development of, and access to, personalized medicine and reduce the quality of patient care.… Continue reading this entry

Patents, Genetic Testing and Federal Funding

In a July 12, 2013 letter to Dr. Francis S. Collins of the National Institutes of Health (“NIH”), Senator Patrick J. Leahy urged the NIH to exercise its march-in rights under the Bayh-Dole Act to directly license the genetic testing patents held by Myriad Genetics, Inc. (“Myriad”) that have been the subject of on-going litigation. … Continue reading this entry

Personalized Medicine and the Gene Patenting Debate

The transcript for today’s Supreme Court oral argument in The Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics, Inc., No. 12-398 (2013) has been released, and the importance of the gene patenting debate to personalized medicine was discussed. The Court was well briefed on the issues and questioned the parties and U.S. government regarding why isolated genes should or should not be patent-eligible, the … Continue reading this entry

Preparing to Comply With the HITECH Final Rule

As reported in my January 24th, 2013 post, the Office for Civil Rights of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) issued an omnibus final rule (the Rule) implementing changes in current regulations under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), pursuant to the Health Information Technology for Economic and … Continue reading this entry

Genetic Testing and Screening of Children: Ethics and Best Practices

The application of medical technology in the pediatric setting must serve the best interest of the child. Genetic testing of children and infants presents unique challenges. In contrast to the testing of adult patients, most children cannot understand the risks and benefits or provide informed consent. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the American College of Medical Genetics and … Continue reading this entry

Genetic Data, Patents, and Trade Secrets

Patents protect proprietary information but are of limited duration. After expiration, the patented technology becomes part of the public domain. Trade secrets, in contrast, never expire and therefore are not accessible to the public as long as the information remains secret. Thus, the authors of “The Next Controversy in Genetic Testing: Clinical Data as Trade Secrets?“  … Continue reading this entry

ACLU "Gene Patenting" Case Argued at Federal Circuit

On July 20th, 2012, the parties in the Ass’n for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics, Inc., No. 10-1406 (Fed. Cir. 2011)(also known as the “ACLU gene patenting” case) argued (again) before the Federal Circuit. Recall, the U.S. Supreme Court had asked the court to reconsider its prior ruling as to the patent-eligibility of claims to … Continue reading this entry

Status Update on the Genetic Testing Study

The U.S. Patent Office recently announced that it will not be delivering its report on Genetic Testing as required under Section 27 of the America Invents Act (“AIA”)  by the June 16, 2012 deadline.… Continue reading this entry

Personalized Multiplex Test on Market

A multiplex test that can analyze tumors for over 200 genes is now available from Foundation Medicine Inc., the Wall Street Journal reported today. The test will be used by Novartis, Sanofi SA, Johnson & Johnson and Celgene to analyze patients in early-stage clinical trials of new cancer drugs to identify patients most likely to benefit from the drug and to … Continue reading this entry

Patent-Eligibility of Diagnostic Patents Reconsidered in Canada

The Canadian Patent Office released today practice guidelines regarding the patent-eligibility of medical diagnostic methods and medical methods. The practice guidance are in effect immediately and until further notice, and in place of any contrary guidance presently in the Canadian Manual of Patent Office Practice (MOPOP, the Canadian equivalent to the US MPEP, setting forth … Continue reading this entry

Video Interview: Discussing Mayo v. Prometheus With LXBN TV

The other day I had the opportunity to speak with Colin O’Keefe of LXBN TV on the subject of Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories, Inc. In the short interview, I explain the background of the case, offer my thoughts on why Prometheus’ patent wouldn’t have a detrimental impact on medical research and give my thoughts … Continue reading this entry

Presidential Commission to Study Management of, and Access to, Human Genome Sequencing Data

On November 24, 2009, President Obama established the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues (Commission) to advise him on bioethical issues generated by novel and emerging research in biomedical and related areas of science and technology. As part of this initiative, the Commission issued a Notice on March 27, 2012 (Federal Register) seeking comments … Continue reading this entry

Mayo Reported To Start Pilot Study To Provide Whole Genome Sequencing

The Guardian reports that Mayo Clinic (“Mayo”) has announced that it is starting a pilot study to provide whole genome sequencing to patients. As reported, Mayo will launch the pilot study in early 2012 as part of an ambitious move towards an era of proactive genomics. Recall, Mayo Clinic is a named party in the legal challenge to Prometheus … Continue reading this entry