Tag Archives: Genetic Testing

FDA Oversight of Diagnostic Medicine – A Trap for the Unwary

Diagnostic medicine is experiencing new challenges at the USPTO and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Under a new FDA proposal, laboratory developed test providers, previously exempt from FDA oversight, must now consider if their diagnostic test may be subject to FDA oversight, either as a moderate risk (Class II) or high-risk (Class III) … Continue reading this entry

Patent Subject Matter Eligibility – Impact on Litigation and Prosecution

Personalized medicine relies on diagnostic technologies to accurately evaluate a patient’s clinical or genetic signature to guide treatment decisions. Protecting innovation by patenting the diagnostic methods and tools that inform clinical intervention and treatment has been the traditional means to protect investment in these important technologies. Recent U.S. Supreme Court decisions have challenged inventors’ ability … Continue reading this entry

Breaking Through to Business Solutions for Personalized Medicine: A Thought-Provoking, Can’t-Miss Industry Event

Just as with patient treatments, one size does not fit all when it comes to companies involved in personalized medicine. Each is unique in its mission, culture, and capabilities, so it should come as no surprise that each demands a distinct business strategy that can evolve alongside the industry. The annual Business of Personalized Medicine … Continue reading this entry

Federal Circuit Invalidates Another Diagnostic Patent

In Ariosa Diagnostics, Inc. v. Sequenom, Inc., Slip Op. 2014-1139, 2014-114 (Fed. Cir. June 12, 2015), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit held that Sequenom’s U.S. Patent No. 6,258,540 (the ‘540 Patent) was invalid under 35 U.S.C. § 101, for failing to claim patent-eligible subject matter. The Court’s decision is yet another application … Continue reading this entry

Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Test Authorized by FDA

23andMe is not a traditional diagnostics company. Rather than seeking to directly sell its services to health care professionals, 23andMe went straight to the consumer, offering genetic screening and analysis in a mail-order fashion. For ninety-nine dollars, customers only needed to send in a saliva sample and the company would analyze the customer’s genetic information, … Continue reading this entry

President Obama Revisits Interest in Personalized Medicine

President Obama announced during his 2015 State of the Union Address that he is launching a new “precision” or personalized medicine initiative to advance personalized, effective therapies for the American public. As reported by the Personalized Medicine Coalition, President Obama stated: “21st century businesses will rely on American science, technology, research and development. I want … Continue reading this entry

An Early Test for the USPTO’S Eligibility Analysis

Just last week, the USPTO released its revised subject matter eligibility guidance (2014 Interim Guidance on Patent Subject Matter Eligibility “Interim Guidance” reviewed in my prior post of December 16th, 2014). The Interim Guidance replaced the March 2014 Guidance that was much-criticized for its expansive application of U.S. Supreme Court jurisprudence relating to the judicial … Continue reading this entry

Fetal Diagnostics Patent Claims Fall in Inter Partes Review

Post grant inter partes review proceedings have lowered the hurdle to invalidate U.S. patents. The “broadest reasonable construction” of the claims and the lower burden to prove invalidity (by a preponderance of the evidence) of inter partes review proceedings have resulted in many successful challenges. Indeed, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) of the … Continue reading this entry

Canada Joins the Gene Patenting Debate

Canada has joined the gene patenting debate. Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario (“Children’s”) sued the University of Utah Research Foundation, Genzyme Genetics, and Yale University (“Defendants”) in Canada’s Federal Court asserting that 5 patents[1] assigned to Defendants (collectively the “Long QT Patents”) for compositions and methods useful in the diagnosis and/or assessment of Long QT syndrome … Continue reading this entry

Myriad Set for Another Round

On Monday, October 6th, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit will entertain oral argument in another case involving Myriad’s BRCA1/BRCA2 diagnostic tests. In re BRCA1- and BRCA2- Based Hereditary Cancer Test Patent Litigation, Case Nos. 14-1361, -1366. In the words of Myriad “[t]his appeal … presents this Court with one of the … Continue reading this entry

Federal Circuit Frames Test for Patent-Eligibility

Personalized medicine relies on diagnostics to analyze a patient for individualized therapy and for monitoring a patient’s health status. Some diagnostic tests use natural products, for example gene sequences, either as the target of the diagnostic test or as a tool to identify a genetic trait or anomaly. Personalized medicine also may rely on the … Continue reading this entry

Managing IP Risk in the Age of Personalized Medicine

As discussed on Foley’s Health Care Law Today blog, personalized medicine treatment trends and innovations are leading diagnostic and therapeutic companies to form complex arrangements and partnerships with the ultimate goal of delivering improved patient treatment. Diagnostics are married to a single or multiple treatments. Devices connect patients with providers. Health care systems may partner with … Continue reading this entry

Is Next Generation Sequencing Ready for Personalized Medicine?

Next generation sequencing[1] (NGS) promises to transform the delivery of health care by providing in one test diagnostic and prognostic information that had previously only been available in multiple analyses. One application of the information obtained from NGS is as a companion diagnostic for a therapeutic.[2] A significant reduction in the overall cost to sequence the … Continue reading this entry

USPTO Issues Guidance for Examining Process Patents

On March 4th, 2014, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) issued “2014 Procedures For Subject Matter Eligibility Analysis Of Claims Reciting Or Involving Laws of Nature/Natural Principles, Natural Phenomena, And/Or Natural Products” Guidance, advising examiners and the public of the factors for determining whether an invention satisfies the U.S. Supreme Court’s interpretation of 35 U.S.C. §101, as … Continue reading this entry

Task Force Recommendation for BRCA-Related Genetic Testing

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (“USPSTF”) recently issued a report regarding the effectiveness of BRCA1/BRCA2 genetic tests for women and within the report, issued recommendations for preventive screening for women with and without confirmed familial history of breast, ovarian, tubal, or peritoneal cancer (“BRCA-related cancers”). Risk Assessment, Genetic Counseling, and Genetic Testing for BRCA-Related … Continue reading this entry

California Court Holds Diagnostic Claims Not Patent-Eligible

In one of the first district court decisions applying the U.S. Supreme Court’s new Myriad patent-eligibility standard, the Northern District of California held that diagnostic claims containing only conventional and existing detection steps do not make the use of a natural phenomenon patent-eligible. See Ariosa Diagnostics, Inc., v. Sequenom, Inc., No. C 11-06391 SI (N.D. … Continue reading this entry

Clinical Adoption of Personalized Medicine

A recent study published in the American Journal of Medical Genetics, “Barriers for Integrating Personalized Medicine into Clinical Practice:  A Qualitative Analysis” investigated physicians’ perceptions about the future of personalized medicine and identified factors that would influence their decisions in using genetic testing in their practice. The study is an interesting read for any innovator … Continue reading this entry

Risk-Sharing and Reimbursement of Diagnostic Tests

Five industry executives argue for an overhaul of the current approval and reimbursement framework for diagnostic tests. In “A Pay-For-Value, Data-Driven Approach for the Coverage of Innovative Genetic Tests“, a case is made for a move from a Fee-For-Service (FFS) system to a Pay-For-Value (PFV) model based on risk sharing among innovators, payors, physicians and … Continue reading this entry

Study Advances Personalized Medicine for Newborns

Earlier this year, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) issued recommendations and proposed best practices for genetic testing and screening of infants and children. In Ethical and Policy Issues in Genetic Testing and Screening of Children, the AAP and ACMG reviewed the scenarios in which genetic … Continue reading this entry

Expanding Access to, and Development of, Personalized Medicine

In a July 8th, 2013 letter to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), the Personalized Medicine Coalition (PMC) advised that proposed reimbursement schedules for diagnostic medicine will  threaten the development of, and access to, personalized medicine and reduce the quality of patient care.… Continue reading this entry

Patents, Genetic Testing and Federal Funding

In a July 12, 2013 letter to Dr. Francis S. Collins of the National Institutes of Health (“NIH”), Senator Patrick J. Leahy urged the NIH to exercise its march-in rights under the Bayh-Dole Act to directly license the genetic testing patents held by Myriad Genetics, Inc. (“Myriad”) that have been the subject of on-going litigation. … Continue reading this entry

Personalized Medicine and the Gene Patenting Debate

The transcript for today’s Supreme Court oral argument in The Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics, Inc., No. 12-398 (2013) has been released, and the importance of the gene patenting debate to personalized medicine was discussed. The Court was well briefed on the issues and questioned the parties and U.S. government regarding why isolated genes should or should not be patent-eligible, the … Continue reading this entry

Preparing to Comply With the HITECH Final Rule

As reported in my January 24th, 2013 post, the Office for Civil Rights of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) issued an omnibus final rule (the Rule) implementing changes in current regulations under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), pursuant to the Health Information Technology for Economic and … Continue reading this entry

Genetic Testing and Screening of Children: Ethics and Best Practices

The application of medical technology in the pediatric setting must serve the best interest of the child. Genetic testing of children and infants presents unique challenges. In contrast to the testing of adult patients, most children cannot understand the risks and benefits or provide informed consent. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the American College of Medical Genetics and … Continue reading this entry