Tag Archives: Companion Diagnostics

Managing IP Risk in the Age of Personalized Medicine

PersonalizedMedicine
As discussed on Foley’s Health Care Law Today blog, personalized medicine treatment trends and innovations are leading diagnostic and therapeutic companies to form complex arrangements and partnerships with the ultimate goal of delivering improved patient treatment. Diagnostics are married to a single or multiple treatments. Devices connect patients with providers. Health care systems may partner with … Continue reading this entry

FDA Set to Regulate LDTs - Citing Safety Concerns and Advanced Technologies

FDA
Advances in medical technology have increased the use of diagnostic tests to guide therapeutic decisions for many diseases and conditions, especially in the context of personalized medicine. Citing the need to ensure that certain tests used by health care professionals that diagnose and treat patients are accurate, consistent and reliable, the U.S. Food and Drug … Continue reading this entry

Is Next Generation Sequencing Ready for Personalized Medicine?

Next generation sequencing[1] (NGS) promises to transform the delivery of health care by providing in one test diagnostic and prognostic information that had previously only been available in multiple analyses. One application of the information obtained from NGS is as a companion diagnostic for a therapeutic.[2] A significant reduction in the overall cost to sequence the … Continue reading this entry

FDA Issues Draft Guidance to Expedite Device Development

On November 14, 2013, the Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) issued a draft guidance document - “Draft Guidance for Industry, Tool Developers, and Food and Drug Administrative Staff”  (“Draft Guidance”) reporting a voluntary process for the qualification of medical device development tools (MDDT) used in device development and evaluation programs in the Center for Devices and … Continue reading this entry

11 New Biomarkers Identified for Alzheimer’s Disease

A two-stage meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in individuals of European ancestry identified 11 new loci associated with Alzheimer’s disease. The multidisciplinary study, recently reported in Nature Genetics, (“Meta-analysis of 74,046 individuals 11 new susceptibility loci for Alzheimer’s disease”, published online on October 27, 2013), is a significant step toward identifying genetic risk factors … Continue reading this entry

Risk-Sharing and Reimbursement of Diagnostic Tests

Five industry executives argue for an overhaul of the current approval and reimbursement framework for diagnostic tests. In “A Pay-For-Value, Data-Driven Approach for the Coverage of Innovative Genetic Tests“, a case is made for a move from a Fee-For-Service (FFS) system to a Pay-For-Value (PFV) model based on risk sharing among innovators, payors, physicians and … Continue reading this entry

Expanding Access to, and Development of, Personalized Medicine

In a July 8th, 2013 letter to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), the Personalized Medicine Coalition (PMC) advised that proposed reimbursement schedules for diagnostic medicine will  threaten the development of, and access to, personalized medicine and reduce the quality of patient care.… Continue reading this entry

Patents, Genetic Testing and Federal Funding

In a July 12, 2013 letter to Dr. Francis S. Collins of the National Institutes of Health (“NIH”), Senator Patrick J. Leahy urged the NIH to exercise its march-in rights under the Bayh-Dole Act to directly license the genetic testing patents held by Myriad Genetics, Inc. (“Myriad”) that have been the subject of on-going litigation. … Continue reading this entry

Supreme Court Asked for Further Clarity on Patent-Eligibility of Diagnostic Claims

Did the Federal Circuit incorrectly interpret and apply the holding of the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision regarding patent-eligibility of medical methods as set forth in Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories, Inc., 132 S.Ct. 1289 (2012)(“Mayo“)? Intema Ltd. (“Intema”) asserts that yes, the Federal Circuit did err when it determined that Intema’s diagnostic patent claims are invalid for failing to … Continue reading this entry

Personalized Medicine and the Gene Patenting Debate

The transcript for today’s Supreme Court oral argument in The Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics, Inc., No. 12-398 (2013) has been released, and the importance of the gene patenting debate to personalized medicine was discussed. The Court was well briefed on the issues and questioned the parties and U.S. government regarding why isolated genes should or should not be patent-eligible, the … Continue reading this entry

FDA Regulation of Laboratory Developed Tests: Benefit or Unnecessary Burden?

The U.S. Department of Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) has previously announced an interest in regulating diagnostic tests used in providing personalized medicine clinical care. Interested stakeholders such as the American Clinical Laboratory Association, the College of American Pathologists, and the Association for Molecular Pathology, have weighed in on whether the FDA can and should … Continue reading this entry

Personalized Medicine Patenting Update

Patenting diagnostic methods is more challenging in the wake of the U.S. Supreme Court’s Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories, Inc., 566 U.S. __ (2012) (Prometheus) and the USPTO’s application of the decision, as set forth in its Guidance Document distributed to patent examiners. Patent examiners are advised to follow the Guidance Document in examining … Continue reading this entry

Gene Patents and Diagnostics: The Economics of Innovation

The increasing importance of genetic markers and diagnostic tests in the drug approval process and the delivery of health care requires consideration of who will underwrite the necessary research and development, Michael Hopkins and Stuart Hogarth argue in the recent issue of Nature Biotechnology. “Biomarker patents for diagnostics: problem or solution?” Nature Biotechnology, Vol. 30(6): … Continue reading this entry

Personalized Multiplex Test on Market

A multiplex test that can analyze tumors for over 200 genes is now available from Foundation Medicine Inc., the Wall Street Journal reported today. The test will be used by Novartis, Sanofi SA, Johnson & Johnson and Celgene to analyze patients in early-stage clinical trials of new cancer drugs to identify patients most likely to benefit from the drug and to … Continue reading this entry

Patent-Eligibility of Diagnostic Patents Reconsidered in Canada

The Canadian Patent Office released today practice guidelines regarding the patent-eligibility of medical diagnostic methods and medical methods. The practice guidance are in effect immediately and until further notice, and in place of any contrary guidance presently in the Canadian Manual of Patent Office Practice (MOPOP, the Canadian equivalent to the US MPEP, setting forth … Continue reading this entry

Video Interview: Discussing Mayo v. Prometheus With LXBN TV

The other day I had the opportunity to speak with Colin O’Keefe of LXBN TV on the subject of Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories, Inc. In the short interview, I explain the background of the case, offer my thoughts on why Prometheus’ patent wouldn’t have a detrimental impact on medical research and give my thoughts … Continue reading this entry

Speak UP - USPTO Seeking Comments on Second Opinion Genetic Tests

Today’s Federal Register includes a notice to the public inviting comments on independent second opinion genetic tests where patents and exclusive licenses exist that cover primary genetic diagnostic tests. The comments are collected for the purpose of preparing a report on the subject as required by Section 27 of the America Invents Act (“AIA”).  In … Continue reading this entry

Patent-Eligibility of Medical Methods Considered By U.S. Supreme Court

This post is co-authored by Antoinette F. Konski and Jacqueline D. Wright Bonilla The U.S. Supreme Court entertained oral argument today in Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories, Inc. The case is being closely monitored by the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industry, and in particular those in the industry that patent diagnostic methods and companion diagnostics.  … Continue reading this entry

Making The Case for Personalized Medicine

The Personalized Medicine Coalition recently published the third edition of its state of the industry report, The Case for Personalized Medicine (“Report”). While the Coalition acknowledges greater adoption of the principles of personalized medicine by the health care industry and the public; technical, legal, regulatory and payor issues are highlighted for improvement to recognize the industry’s … Continue reading this entry

Subject Matter Jurisdiction Challenged in Supreme Court's Review of Mayo v. Prometheus

An international intellectual property association filed an amicus curie brief urging the U.S Supreme Court to dismiss the dispute and issue presented in Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories, Inc., 131 S.Ct. 3027 (2011), arguing that the district court and Federal Circuit lacked subject matter jurisdiction. The amici argued that for reasons that are not … Continue reading this entry

USPTO - Seeking Comments On Patent Reform Bill

The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) announced that it is proactively seeking public comments on the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA), H.R. 1249, passed by the U.S. House of Representatives on June 23, 2011, and currently pending before the U.S. Senate.  The AIA requires the USPTO to undertake a series of rulemakings to implement the Act.  Because … Continue reading this entry

FDA "Draft Guidance" for Companion Diagnostic Devices

On July 14, 2011, the FDA issued “Draft Guidance” relating to regulatory approval of in vitro companion diagnostic devices/tests, also called “IVD companion diagnostic devices.” The FDA intends the Guidance to assist those (1) who develop a therapeutic product that depends on the use of such a device/test for the product’s safe and effective use, and (2) … Continue reading this entry

Inducing Infringement of a Diagnostic Method: Consult the Supreme Court's New Test

The U.S. Supreme Court in Global-Tech Appliances Inc. v. SEB S.A., __ U.S. __ (2011) recently created a new test for inducement to infringe a patent claim. This is significant for patents in the medical diagnostic field and companion diagnostics where the patent holder may not wish to sue one who is literally infringing the patent, such as a hospital laboratory or medical doctor, but rather seek to enjoin or obtain monetary damages from the manufacturer of the laboratory test under the theory that selling the test to the laboratory or doctor was an inducement to infringe the patent. … Continue reading this entry